There are many reasons a person can become arrogant including:
- The person has forgotten the rights of Allah – Allah has blessed a person but instead of being thankful to Allah he has forgetten the rights of Allah and he starts to beleive that these blessings are all down to his own abilities so he looks down upon those that do not have this particular blessing.
- The person does not fear Allah
- The person forgets that he has to stand in front of Allah and account for everything that he has said and done.
- Ignorance of the fact that the way to keep the blessings Allah has given you is to be thankful to Allah.
- 1 وَإِذْ تَأَذَّنَ رَبُّكُمْ لَئِن شَكَرْتُمْ لَأَزِيدَنَّكُمْ ۖ وَلَئِن كَفَرْتُمْ إِنَّ عَذَابِي لَشَدِيدٌ
- 2 أَنَا رَبُّكُمُ الْأَعْلَىٰ
- 3 أَنَا أُحْيِي وَأُمِيتُ
- 4 وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمُ اسْجُدُوا لِلرَّحْمَٰنِ قَالُوا وَمَا الرَّحْمَٰنُ أَنَسْجُدُ لِمَا تَأْمُرُنَا وَزَادَهُمْ نُفُورًا
وَإِذْ تَأَذَّنَ رَبُّكُمْ لَئِن شَكَرْتُمْ لَأَزِيدَنَّكُمْ ۖ وَلَئِن كَفَرْتُمْ إِنَّ عَذَابِي لَشَدِيدٌ
And [remember] when your Lord proclaimed, ‘If you are grateful, I will surely increase you [in favor]; but if you deny, indeed, My punishment is severe.’
[Surat Ibrāhīm 14:7]
The types of kibr are 3:
- Kibr with Allah – Allah has created us, provided for us and sustained our affairs but instead of being thankful a person rejects the worship of Allah or worships other than Allah. This is the worst and most evil type of Kibr that a person can fall into, that of disbelieve and shirk.
- Kibr with the messengers – Some people fall into pride, arrogance and rejection after the orders and commands of the messengers have come to them. Fir’awn (Pharaoh) was one of those Allah has mentioned in the Quran who fell into pride and arrogance up to a level where he claimed:
أَنَا رَبُّكُمُ الْأَعْلَىٰ
“I am your most exalted lord.”
[Surat An-Nāzi`āt 79:24]
Another arrogant individual mentioned in the Quran is Namrud who was arrogant with Ibrahim when he said:
أَنَا أُحْيِي وَأُمِيتُ
“I give life and cause death.”
[Surat Al-Baqarah 2:258]
Quraysh were also arrogant when they were ordered to make sajda to Arrahman by responding what is Arrahman?:
وَإِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمُ اسْجُدُوا لِلرَّحْمَٰنِ قَالُوا وَمَا الرَّحْمَٰنُ أَنَسْجُدُ لِمَا تَأْمُرُنَا وَزَادَهُمْ نُفُورًا
And when it is said to them, “Prostrate to the Most Merciful,” they say, “And what is the Most Merciful? Should we prostrate to that which you order us?” And it increases them in aversion.
[Surat Al-Furqān 25:60]
Being arrogant with the messengers is not something that is restricted to the people of the past but even today you will find people that claim to love the prophet but oppose him in everything that they do. May Allah make us of those people who follow the Sunnah of the prophet.
- Kibr with the Slaves of Allah
– It was narrated from ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “No one who has an atom’s-weight of arrogance in his heart will enter Paradise.” A man said, “O Messenger of Allaah, what if a man likes his clothes and his shoes to look good?” He said, “Allaah is Beautiful and loves beauty. Arrogance means rejecting the truth and looking down on people.”
Narrated by Muslim
The opposite of arrogance is being humble which Allah praises in the Quran