On the authority of Ubadah in a narration ascribed to the Prophet:
‘Guarantee me six things in yourselves and I will guarantee you Paradise: be truthful when you speak and fulfil your promises, fulfil your trusts, protect your private parts and lower your gaze and keep your hands back from touching.’
This great Hadith is guiding us to some of the ways we can attain that which we all desire and strive for which is the mercy of Allah, the pleasure of Allah and his Jannah.
- Be truthful when you speak – Telling the truth is one of the major reasons one will go to Jannah. The opposite is also true, telling lies can be the cause you enter the fire. As the prophet () told us:
Abdullah b. Mas’ud (raḍyAllāhu ‘anhu) reported: The Prophet (ṣallallāhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, “Truthfulness leads to righteousness and righteousness leads to Paradise. A man will keep speaking the truth and striving to speak the truth until he will be recorded with Allāh as a siddeeq (speaker of the truth). Lying leads to wickedness and wickedness leads to Hell fire. A man will keep telling lies and striving to tell lies until he is recorded with Allāh as a liar.” [Agreed upon].
If a person is recorded with Allah as a siddeeq he will enter Jannah but if he is recorded as a liar he will enter Hell. So, the Muslim is required to strive in telling the truth all the time and his heart, speech and actions should all agree with each other when doing so and he should stay away from telling lies.
- Fulfil your promises – Our religion is different from many other religions and ideologies in that our promises are a Mithaaq (covenant) which is a big thing in the sight of Allah . Fulfilling promises are Wajib upon the Muslim whether they are entered with a Muslim or a Non-Muslim. Allah tells us in the Quran in many places that this is amongst the characteristics of the believers:
And they who are to their trusts and their promises attentive [23:8]
If you fear that someone is going to break their promise to you, you are not allowed to pre-empt them, but instead you should get out of that agreement in a clear manner with both parties full knowledge.
- Fulfil your trusts – The biggest trust (amaanah) is the trust in Allah who has created us and provided for us and has mercy on us, so we should fulfil all that Allah has entrusted us with. We are also to fulfil things human beings have entrusted us with such as wealth, property, secrets, responsibility, knowledge etc. Allah says:
Indeed, Allah commands you to render trusts to whom they are due…[4:58]
- Protect your private parts – This means to stay away from Zina (fornication) and to fulfil ones desires in a Halal way. One of the descriptions of the believers is:
And they who guard their private parts (5) Except from their wives or those their right hands possess, for indeed, they will not be blamed – (6) But whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the transgressors [23:5-7]
The Quran puts it in an amazing way when warning us of fornication:
And do not approach unlawful sexual intercourse…[17:32]
We’ve been told to not even approach adultery. This is more serious than being told ‘don’t do adultery’ or ‘don’t commit adultery.’ Don’t approach it means don’t even go near it by falling into the reasons and means that lead to adultery.
When the prophet was asked what is the main reason people will go to hell, he said it is because of two organs; the tongue and the private parts.
- Lower your gaze – This means to turn your eyes from seeing and watching the Haraam. Allah instructs his prophet to:
Tell the believing men to reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts…[24:30]
And tell the believing women to reduce [some] of their vision and guard their private parts…[24:31]
The command to lower ones gaze has been followed up by the command to guard the private parts. The scholars say that the meaning we get from this is that controlling the eye equates to controlling the private parts, and giving complete freedom to the eye will lead to committing fornication.
- Keep your hands back from touching – This means it is Haraam for a man to touch the hands or other parts of a women who is not permissible for him or who is not one of his Mahrams. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said:
“For one of you to be stabbed in the head with an iron needle is better for him than that he should touch a woman who is not permissible for him.”
Keep your hands back from touching also means to not harm the people as:
Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I asked the Messenger of Allah : “Who is the most excellent among the Muslims?” He said, “One from whose tongue and hands the other Muslims are secure.”
Whosoever truly embodies these 6 characteristics and is a Mu’min the Prophet tells us he is guaranteed Jannah. We ask Allah with his beautiful names and attributes that he helps us embody these characteristics and all the other good characteristics and makes us the people of Paradise. Ameen.