وَلَا يُشْبِهُ الْأَنَامَ
He does not resemble mankind.
This is a refutation of those that make tashbiih khaaliq bil makhluuq – conceive of the creator in a fashion analogous to the created. Allah has Himself said:
لَيْسَ كَمِثْلِهِ شَيْءٌ ۖ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْبَصِيرُ ﴿١١﴾
There is nothing like unto Him, and He is the Hearing, the Seeing. [Ash-Shura 42:11]
This ayah does not mean to deny Allah’s sifaat as the ahlu bid’a argue. Abu Hanifah stated in Fiqh al-akbar, “Allah is not like any of his creatures, nor is any creature like him…his attributes are different from their attributes. He knows but not as we know; He acts but not as we act; and he sees but not as we see.”
Nu’aym Ibn Hammad stated:
مَنْ شَبَّهَ اللَّهَ بِشَيْءٍ مِنْ خَلْقِهِ فَقَدْ كَفَرَ، وَمَنْ أَنْكَرَ مَا وَصَفَ اللَّهُ بِهِ نَفْسَهُ فَقَدْ كَفَرَ، وَلَيْسَ فِيمَا وَصَفَ اللَّهُ بِهِ نَفْسَهُ وَلَا رَسُولُهُ تَشْبِيهٌ.
“Whoever likens Allah to any of His created beings is a Kaafir. Whoever negates the sifaat which Allah has affirmed of Himself is also a Kaafir. There is no anthropomorphism (tashbih) in the attributes which Allah has affirmed of Himself or which His Messenger has affirmed of Him.
Ishaaq ibn Rahawyh stated, “whoever describes Allah and likens His attributes with the attributes of any one of His creatures has denied (or disbelieved in) Allah, the Most High”
He also said, “The mark of Jahm and his followers is their false claim of tashbih against the ahlu sunnah. In fact, they are the ones who deny the sifaat of Allah”. Many of the Salaf also stated that the mark of the Jahmiyyah is their calling the Ahlu sunnah mushabihah.